Adult dating zambia

Also in Uganda, pregnancy among ALHIV reached rates similar to the general population [15]; while a study in Cote d Ivoire reported increased incidence of pregnancy among HIV-infected adolescents in care, to a level observed in adult cohorts in Sub-Saharan Africa [16].Studies show that unprotected sex remains common; one study in Tanzania reported an increase of unprotected sex among HIV positive young people [23].

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Adolescence is a period of transition between childhood and adulthood characterized by physiological, emotional and sexual development; it is also a period of individual autonomy, growing sense of identity and self-esteem [7, 8].

HIV infected adolescents are prone to other factors relating to their infection, including disease progression, neuro-cognitive deficits, HIV stigma, and disclosure of infection status, combined with environmental factors such as substance use, poverty, inner-city stress, and disrupted family attachments [9, 10].

Approximately 36.7 (34.039.8) million people were living with HIV in 2015 globally [1].

Children and young people bear considerable share of this burden.

In a 2013 Zambia study, 21% of 15-19 year old adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) reported ever had sex, with 57% having experienced forced sex (24% male and 76% female) [19].

Although the legal age for sex in Zambia is 16 [14], the 2007 Zambia Demographic Health Survey revealed that among the general population aged 15-19 years, 12.3% and 16.2% of women and men respectively had sexual debut before the age of 15 [20].

Conclusion: the survey of HIV infected adolescents attending a tertiary hospital in Zambia found that their sexuality and SRH needs remain similar to those of the general adolescent population in terms of counseling in sexual matters, family planning and STI services.

More efforts are needed to provide for adolescent health care needs, especially those living with HIV.

Adolescents 10-19 years old are especially affected by the AIDS epidemic in Zambia, with about 68,000 (60,000 80,000) estimated to be infected by end of 2015 [1].

With increasing access to antiretroviral (ARV) treatment, many more perinatally infected children are now reaching adolescence [4-6].


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