In comparison, restitution can only be ordered in cases where someone has been convicted.However, restitution can be ordered in almost any case (although courts may be required to order it only for certain offenses), and can be ordered for a wider variety of losses, including property loss.While restitution is court-ordered payment from a convicted offender, crime victim compensation is a state government program that pays many of the out-of-pocket expenses of victims of violent crime even when there is no arrest or prosecution.
In comparison, restitution can only be ordered in cases where someone has been convicted.
Victims who have not received restitution as ordered should ask the probation or parole officer how this information will be provided to the court or parole board.
(In some states, a victim's in-court statement must be limited to describing the impact of the offense and cannot include any opinion about the sentence that should be given, including restitution.
In those states, the prosecutor can still seek restitution.) When courts order restitution, they look not only at the victim's losses but also at the offender's ability to pay.
The expenses covered by compensation vary and are usually set by state law.
All compensation programs cover medical expenses, most cover counseling, and very few cover any property loss.