Fortifications were erected around the city and continually expanded, with several towers maintained by different craft guilds, according to medieval custom. Its name derives from damage caused by the Great Fire of 1689, when flames and smoke blackened its walls.
The interior is impressive and well-kept and houses one of the largest organs in Eastern Europe.
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A child doesn't always know with whom he or she is interacting.
The Blacksmiths' Bastion, one of the original seven built and guarded by the city's guilds, is located at the southern end of Dupa Ziduri Street.
Follow the city wall southeast to the fairy-tale Catherine's Gate.
Ever since Saxon settlers arrived in the early 12th century, invading Mongols, Turks and others gave them a tough time, repeatedly destroying the old settlements of Bartholoma and Corona.
Thereafter, the Saxons set themselves to building fortifications around their town.
Of the original seven bastions, only a few have survived, including the newly renovated Graft Bastion, located in the middle of the citadel's northwest wing.
On the west side of the wall, walk along picturesque Dupa Ziduri Street ) to catch a glimpse of the 15th century White and Black Towers.