Strategies for accomodating

Accommodating Rising Powers: Past, Present, and Future Edited by T. Paul Cambridge University Press, 2016 The rising powers phenomenon has become one of the defining features of international relations in the new millennium.

Given the dangerous historical record of power transitions, the notion of accommodation as a peaceful power transitioning tool is one of the hottest topics that IR scholars currently dwell on, especially as the need to understand rising powers and their convergence in the international system becomes more urgent in the age of a shifting international order.

However, there exists both a theoretical/conceptual and empirical gap in the literature with regards to the assessment of the concept itself, and the application of its analytical framework to different cases of rising powers.

This book seeks to fill some of these gaps by providing both conceptual discussions and case studies.

Communication accommodation thus, becomes a tool to emphasize group distinctiveness in a positive way, and strengthen the individual's social identity.

There are four main socio-psychological theories: The similarity-attraction theory posits that "The more similar our attitudes and beliefs are to those of others, the more likely it is for them to be attracted to us." An individual on the receiving end of high level of accommodation is likely to develop a greater sense of self-esteem and satisfaction than being a receiver of low accommodation. states that prior to acting, we attempt to assess the rewards and costs of alternate courses of action", and that we tend to choose whatever course of action will bring greater rewards and less costs.

Particularly, it focused on the cognitive and affective processes underlying individuals' convergence and divergence through speech.

The communication accommodation theory has broadened this theory to include not only speech but also the "non-verbal and discursive dimensions of social interaction".

According to social identity theory, people strive to maintain a positive social identity by either joining groups where they feel more comfortable or making a more positive experience of belonging to the groups they already belong to.

Since speech is a way to express group membership, people adopt convergence or divergence in communication to "signal a salient group distinctiveness, so as to reinforce a social identity".

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